Figure, a burgeoning robotics firm, has launched its Determine 01 humanoid robotic and demonstrated its potential to stroll on two legs in a public setting for the primary time.
Over the previous yr, Determine has skilled speedy progress, increasing to a workforce of 60 staff with experience spanning varied engineering domains, together with AI, controls, embedded software program, electrical, mechanical, actuator design, battery expertise, integration, and testing. In Could 2023, the corporate secured a $70 million funding spherical and managed to develop the robotic in simply over 12 months.
The Determine 01 robotic showcases a refined metallic exterior, a departure from the simulated variations seen in earlier illustrations. It’s value noting that the product’s end might endure additional refinements earlier than its launch. Notably, the robotic options articulated joints with rotary motors, and it incorporates a backpack to deal with its battery.
A fast breakdown of the levels of freedom (DoF) on this robotic consists of 7 DoF within the arms, 3 DoF within the waist, 6 DoF within the legs, ankles, and ft, 0 DoF within the head, and 6 DoF within the fingers, amounting to a complete of 41 DoF. The fingers are outfitted with 4 fingers and an opposable thumb, and the phalanges have a simplified two-bar design. The foot and ankle make use of a simple articulating platform.
One exceptional achievement is the speedy improvement of dynamic bipedal strolling inside a yr, touted as one of many swiftest turnarounds in humanoid robotics historical past. Determine 01 employs torque-controlled strolling, guiding the robotic by specifying torque at its joints reasonably than dictating its velocity or path. This method enhances the robotic’s adaptability to real-world situations, significantly when interacting with individuals and performing business-related duties.
The robotic receives high-level instructions concerning its motion velocity, subsequently autonomously managing elements like stability, foot placement, and hand motion to keep up stability amid exterior disruptions or adjustments in floor elevation. The Determine workforce has additionally been engaged on “entire physique reasoning,” incorporating pure arm swinging and attaining torso and pelvis movement by regulating angular momentum, reasonably than following predetermined paths.
Moreover, Determine is concurrently creating manipulation capabilities for the robotic’s arms, fingers, and fingers, which is able to run independently from the strolling and navigation elements. The corporate’s development of an illustration warehouse at its Sunnyvale headquarters signifies that Determine 01’s major market alternative upon its 2024 launch is anticipated to be in logistics and warehousing.